The CELL function can be used to find out information about a cell such as formatting, size and contents.

Format:

cell(info type, range)

**“info type” is the type of information you would like to retrieve from the cell. “info type” can be any of the following values:**

**“address”** Reference of the first cell in reference, as text.

**“col” **Column number of the cell in reference.

**“color”** 1 if the cell is formatted in color for negative values; otherwise returns 0 (zero).

**“contents”** Value of the upper-left cell in reference; not a formula.

**“filename”** Filename (including full path) of the file that contains reference, as text. Returns empty text (“”) if the worksheet that contains reference has not yet been saved.

**“format”** Text value corresponding to the number format of the cell. The text values for the various formats are shown in the following table. Returns “-” at the end of the text value if the cell is formatted in color for negative values. Returns “()” at the end of the text value if the cell is formatted with parentheses for positive or all values.

**“parentheses”** 1 if the cell is formatted with parentheses for positive or all values; otherwise returns 0.

**“prefix”** Text value corresponding to the “label prefix” of the cell. Returns single quotation mark (‘) if the cell contains left-aligned text, double quotation mark (“) if the cell contains right-aligned text, caret (^) if the cell contains centered text, backslash (\) if the cell contains fill-aligned text, and empty text (“”) if the cell contains anything else.

**“protect”** 0 if the cell is not locked, and 1 if the cell is locked.

**“row”** Row number of the cell in reference.

**“type”** Text value corresponding to the type of data in the cell. Returns “b” for blank if the cell is empty, “l” for label if the cell contains a text constant, and “v” for value if the cell contains anything else.

**“width”** Column width of the cell rounded off to an integer. Each unit of column width is equal to the width of one character in the default font size

**Range is the cell you wish to retrieve the results from. The results will be displayed as below:**

Excel format is | CELL returns |
---|---|

General | “G” |

0 | “F0″ |

#,##0 | “,0″ |

0.00 | “F2″ |

#,##0.00 | “,2″ |

$#,##0_);($#,##0) | “C0″ |

$#,##0_);[Red]($#,##0) | “C0-” |

$#,##0.00_);($#,##0.00) | “C2″ |

$#,##0.00_);[Red]($#,##0.00) | “C2-” |

0% | “P0″ |

0.00% | “P2″ |

0.00E+00 | “S2″ |

# ?/? or # ??/?? | “G” |

m/d/yy or m/d/yy h:mm or mm/dd/yy | “D4″ |

d-mmm-yy or dd-mmm-yy | “D1″ |

d-mmm or dd-mmm | “D2″ |

mmm-yy | “D3″ |

mm/dd | “D5″ |

h:mm AM/PM | “D7″ |

h:mm:ss AM/PM | “D6″ |

h:mm | “D9″ |

h:mm:ss | “D8″ |

The CELL() function is a flexible function that is often used in conjunction with other functions to do some very interesting things. In this articles we talk about using the cell function to return the workbook name.

Joseph Harris

ExcelYogi.com

Excel Resources

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